Changing the Trans Narrative in YA Fiction

This post originally appeared over on

There’s a fight going on, but not many people know about it. It boils down to what many fights look like after a long time simmering and evaporating away their unnecessary parts—the right to tell a story. Like many other battles this one is about a people, access to power, and ownership.

I’m talking about where transgender comes from, why it occurs, and what meaning to draw from it.

If we left it up to The New York Times and talk show hosts, transgender people all struggle with being the wrong sex in the wrong body. Chances are they know it early on, they suffer tremendous amounts of angst and depression, and they demonstrate their trans-ness by loving every activity ever singled out for the opposite sex, the one they want to be so dearly. And anyone else who feels a bit differently—a person who doesn’t always feel totally female every day, a man who still loves to wear pink, someone who doesn’t feel the need to go on hormones—they become invalidated. They are not authentic transsexual people, or they would be marching in lockstep to the narrative of the greatest biological trick ever hoisted against human beings, hemophilia and cystic fibrosis notwithstanding.* Somehow the whole conversation reminds me of people from different Christian denominations arguing about who’s going to heaven faster or better.

The whole thing is a red herring, folks. There is no single narrative that describes the emotional and physical nature of being trans, and there is especially no singularity with regard to how one understands coming to identify as trans-anything. Call those statements generalizations, but I see them as opening up a space for people to be their authentic selves without impinging on anyone else’s identity, and so I’m comfortable with saying that.

Okay, why does this matter to the YA writer? Two reasons quickly come to mind:

  1. Readers infer what writers imply, so if we regurgitate this story about storks bringing the messed up trans babies into the world, we give it more power and presence.
  2. We need to be prepared as writers for criticism from transfolk about how they are portrayed in our work. This is particularly important given the overall dearth of transgender characters or ideas in YA fiction.

What do I propose about this? Well, namely that we create characters who are whole people but don’t fit “the narrative.” This doesn’t mean that we need to debunk the narrative—there are many people who believe it describes them and their history, and that’s fine for them. But let’s not stop there. It’s actually better for us as writers to be able to use the full reach of our imaginations in writing stories with trans themes, elements, and characters. We should explore gender for a YA audience in new ways:

  • Put the trans character front and center, not as a sidekick
  • Show mentors in the story who have struggled with their gender identity or expression
  • Use the genre to push transgender themes
  • Invent new gender paradigms (maybe there are 5 genders that are self-selected at a certain age? a town in which everyone dresses androgynously and never thought about gender?)
  • Talk about gender via another coming-of-age moment, or as part of understanding other emerging parts of the character’s identity
  • Show characters who aren’t afraid, hateful, or ashamed of their past gender history but who are trans nonetheless

Regarding criticism, if we stay away from stereotypes about transfolk (and other communities), and allow for multiple paths to trans-ness, I think we’re on solid ground as writers. At the end of the day, if we are able to say we opened up space for readers to see themselves or understand each other, we’ve had a damn good day.

*That’s tongue in cheek. I wish more trans folks thought about what taking up disability rhetoric means for people with disabilities.

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Categories: Writing


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2 Comments on “Changing the Trans Narrative in YA Fiction”

  1. Lyra Rose
    November 29, 2011 at 7:30 am #

    I’m all for staying away from stereotypes! Also for having trans characters be the protagonist because guess what, they are the protagonist in their own life–they aren’t a sidekick! 😛

    • evmaroon
      November 30, 2011 at 10:38 am #

      Hear, hear!

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